Black History – Viola Gibson


Viola Gibson

In the late 1930s, controversy around the exclusion of African Americans from public

pools sparked the re-activation of many NAACP chapters. This occurred in Cedar Rapids

in the 1940s when African Americans unexpectedly found out they were banned from

swimming in the new Ellis Park pool. In 1942, Viola Gibson, Julia Reed, Robert Johnson,

and others responded by re-activating the Cedar Rapids chapter of the NAACP.

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